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Analysis of economic impact of fatal/nonfatal accidents in surface coal and metal/nonmetal mines.

Authors
Dicanio-DG
Source
NTIS: PB/85-145787, 1983; :1-145
Link
NIOSHTIC No.
10004292
Abstract
This report describes a computer-based accident cost indicator model (ACIM) for estimating tangible costs of occupational injuries, illnesses, and fatalities in the U.S. mining industry. The report includes studies performed to expand the scope of the ACIM to all mining sectors and validation of ACIM cost element estimation algorithms with actual costs of mining-related injuries and illnesses. A study of the effect of a fatal accident on production in surface coal and metal-nonmetal mines, based on samples of 15 fatalities in underground and surface mines, is presented. Evidence of significant long-term decline in post-fatality production at six of eight underground samples is included. The average loss is shown to be 1.8% of annual mine production. A study of accident costs in U.S. mining from 1975 through 1981 using the ACIM indicates that total annual costs increased from $180,000,000 in 1975 to $379,000,000 in 1981, a 15% annual increase after adjusting for inflation, with mining companies bearing 45% of the total and expected wage losses to mining families accounting for 42%. The study shows total costs of $12,400 per accident and $674,000 per fatal accident for 1981.
Keywords
Mining-industry; Mine-workers; Accident-analysis; Accident-rates; Coal-mining; Metal-mining; Nonmetal-mining; Mortality-data; Computer-models; Computers; Mathematical-models; Statistical-analysis; Injuries; Traumatic-injuries; Models; Diseases; Underground-mining; Surface-mining; Disabled-workers; Miners
Publication Date
19830101
Document Type
CP; Final Contract Report
Funding Type
Contract
Fiscal Year
1983
NTIS Accession No.
PB85-145787
NTIS Price
A08
Identifying No.
OFR 206-84
NIOSH Division
PRC
Source Name
NTIS: PB/85-145787
State
CA; PA
Performing Organization
SRI International, Menlo Park, California
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