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Radiation monitoring for uranium miners: evaluation and optimization.

Authors
Schiager-KJ; Borak-TB; Johnson-JA
Source
Denver, CO: U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Mines, Contract J0295026, OFR 149-82, 1981 Jan; :1-128
Link
NIOSHTIC No.
10002588
Abstract
Radiological health risks to uranium miners are reviewed. Radiation measurement methods and monitoring systems that are now, or soon could be, available are reviewed with respect to their reliability and cost for determining annual exposures. Criteria for optimization of radiation monitoring programs are presented and applied to the current exposure conditions and available monitoring methods. The following recommendations are offered: (1) personal thermoluminescent dosimeters for gamma exposures should be provided to all underground employees in uranium mines. (2) Exposures to long-lived radionuclides in respirable dust and to airborne radon progeny should be measured by randomized grab sampling. (3) Regulations of the Mine Safety and Health Administration should place greater emphasis on exposure reduction, as opposed to documentation.
Keywords
Uranium; Industrial hygiene; Benefit cost analysis; Evaluation; Measuring instruments; Radiation protection; Dosimeters; Monitors; Radon isotopes; Reliability; Criteria; Regulations; Gamma irradiation; Miners; Occupational safety and health; Health risks
Publication Date
19810101
Document Type
CP; Final Contract Report
Fiscal Year
1981
NTIS Accession No.
PB83-102681
NTIS Price
A08
Identifying No.
OFR-149-82; Contract-J0295026
NIOSH Division
DRC
Source Name
Denver, CO: U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Mines, OFR 149-82
State
CO
Performing Organization
ALARA, Inc.
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