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Effects of Heating on Radon-222 Emanation from Domestic Uranium Ores.

Austin-SR; Droullard-RF
NTIS: PB 300 400 :46 pages
This Bureau of Mines investigation determined the effects of so- called annealing at high temperatures on radon-222 emanation from domestic uranium ores. Concurrently, a method was developed for closely estimating the emanation coefficients of hot samples from measurements of their gamma activity after cooling. Emanation coefficients of 102 samples from 14 domestic areas of past, present, and possible future uranium production were investigated using modifications of the closed-can, gamma-only assay method at and after cooling from 100 deg to 1,000 deg c. True annealing probably does not occur below 500 deg c. In limited investigations at 500 deg c and above, effects of annealing are masked by the effects of other parameters. Emanation is commonly less at one or more of the steps investigated in the 100 deg to 500 deg c range than before heating. This decrease is tentatively attributed to water loss at temperatures dependent upon the minerals present. The average sample emanates least at 300 deg c; emanation increases with higher temperatures to at least 900 deg c. Emanation decreases sharply on cooling, but it is partially restored by prolonged exposure to the atmosphere at room temperature. Higher than average emanation of coffinite ores at 500 deg c and above may be related to destruction of the coffinite crystal structure.
Publication Date
Document Type
IH; Report of Investigations
Fiscal Year
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
RI 8361
NIOSH Division
Source Name
NTIS: PB 300 400