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Adhesion At Crystalline Interfaces in Rock.

Savanick-GA; Johnson-DI
NTIS: PB 215 815 :16 pages
A method for measuring the tensile strength at the interface between minerals in rock has been developed. These measurements reflect the strength of the attractive forces operating at crystalline interfaces in rock. Since these forces act in opposition to the forces set up in various rock fragmentation processes, measuring their strength may help in designing more efficient methods of rock fragmentation. The method developed for measuring the strength of intergranular adhesion in rock involves separating a bicrystal from the rock and determining the tensile strength at its solid-solid interface. This technique has been successfully applied to the study of quartz-feldspar interfaces separated from massive pegmatites, graphic granite, and the Rockville granite, yielding average tensile strengths of 5.86, 8.62, and 10.65 Meganewtons per meter squared (mn/m2) (850, 1,250, and 1,524 psi, respectively). The data indicate that the members of these bicrystals are strongly adherent. Examination of bicrystals broken at the crystalline interfaces indicates that the bonds responsible for this adhesion operate over only a portion of the interfacial area. This work conclusively demonstrates that tensile strength tests can be conducted on small selected areas; for example, grain boundaries in rock. The small-scale zones of strength or weakness determined in this way can be related to the overall strength of the rock.
Publication Date
Document Type
IH; Report of Investigations
Fiscal Year
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
RI 7709
NIOSH Division
Source Name
NTIS: PB 215 815