Reducing risk factors for the development of work-related musculoskeletal problems in nursery work.
Janowitz-I; Meyers-JM; Tejeda-DG; Miles-JA; Duraj-V; Faucett-J; Kabashima-J
Appl Occup Environ Hyg 1998 Jan; 13(1):9-14
Results that were part of a four year intervention to reduce the incidence of work related musculoskeletal disorders among workers performing selected, highly repetitive lifting and carrying tasks at nurseries were presented. Injury and first aid records were reviewed, all jobs were described and screened for ergonomic risk factors, and workers and supervisors were asked to identify difficult job tasks to identify high risk job functions. Several risk factors were identified that were associated with the development of work related musculoskeletal problems. They included highly repetitive bending and twisting of the trunk, high force in a pinch grip, awkward postures, static muscle effort, contact stress from the edge of the containers on the sides of the fingers and thumb, high energy demand, and cold temperatures during the early morning hours. Several interventions were suggested. Ergonomic methods and approaches developed in other industries were found to have practical applications to agricultural work. Ergonomic risk factors were targeted and either eliminated or significantly reduced through engineering interventions that were acceptable to workers and employers. Reduction of exposure to selected risk factors resulted in reduced incidence of musculoskeletal disorders and symptoms.
NIOSH-Publication; NIOSH-Cooperative-Agreement; Agriculture; Farmers; Ergonomics; Physical-exercise; Musculoskeletal-system-disorders; Muscle-function; Fatigue; Physical-stress; Gardeners; Repetitive-work; Manual-lifting; Muscle-tension
Applied Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
University of California - Davis