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Respiratory findings in synthetic textile workers.

Authors
Zuskin-E; Mustajbegovic-J; Schachter-EN; Kern-J; Budak-A; Godnic-Cvar-J
Source
Am J Ind Med 1998 Mar; 33(3):263-273
NIOSHTIC No.
00240988
Abstract
A survey of respiratory health in Croatian synthetic fiber textile workers was conducted. The cohort consisted of 400 workers, 308 females, 18 to 61 years old, employed in a synthetic textiles factory at Zagreb, Croatia. The workers had been employed at the facility a mean of 16 years. Forty one percent of the female workers and 45% of males were current smokers. Controls consisted of 806 workers in other industries not exposed to dusts, fumes, or chemicals who were matched to the cohort by age, duration of employment, and smoking habits. Subjects completed a respiratory symptom questionnaire. Spirometric testing was performed. Industrial hygiene monitoring for total and respirable dust at the textile factory was performed. Textile workers reported a higher prevalence of chronic respiratory symptoms than controls. The differences were statistically significant for dyspnea, sinusitis, and nasal catarrh in female workers and nasal catarrh in the male workers. Significant higher prevalences of chronic cough, bronchitis, and phlegm production were reported by smoking than by nonsmoking textile workers. Three female textile workers and one male worker had occupational asthma. None of the controls had asthma. The textile workers reported high prevalences of acute symptoms such as cough, nose and throat dryness, and eye irritation. A high prevalence of workshift related headache was reported by female textile workers. The prevalence of acute symptoms did not depend on smoking status. Forced vital capacity (FVC) and maximum expiratory flow rate at the last 25% of FVC (FEF75) were decreased in the textile workers compared to the controls. The decreases were statistically significant only for FEF75 in female smokers and nonsmokers and FEF75 in male nonsmokers. The mean total and respirable dust concentrations in the textile factory were 12 and 4mg/m3, which exceeded the Croatian standards of 1 and 0.4mg/m3, respectively. The authors conclude that work in synthetic textile factories may cause respiratory impairment.
Keywords
NIOSH-Publication; NIOSH-Grant; Occupational-respiratory-disease; Health-survey; Lung-function; Textile-workers; Clinical-symptoms; Pulmonary-function-tests; Epidemiology; Pulmonary-system-disorders; Dust-exposure; Industrial-hygiene; Cigarette-smoking; Author Keywords: synthetic textile fibers; respiratory symptoms; lung function
Contact
Medicine Mount Sinai Medical Center One Gustave L Levy Place New York, N Y 10029
CODEN
AJIMD8
Publication Date
19980301
Document Type
Journal Article
Funding Amount
709316
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
1998
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-R01-OH-02593
Issue of Publication
3
ISSN
0271-3586
Priority Area
Pulmonary-system-disorders
Source Name
American Journal of Industrial Medicine
State
NY
Performing Organization
Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, New York
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