Introductory note to part 2 of the intervention research workshop: case studies in occupational health and safety.
Goldenhar-LM; Henneberger-PK; Joseph-BS; LaMontagne-A
Am J Ind Med 1998 Feb; 29(4):384-385
This introductory note highlighted several case studies which were presented to exemplify a number of methodological issues of concern during the preintervention planning and post intervention followup phase of research projects. The agricultural sector was included with a case study of swine confinement workers discussing the advantages and disadvantages of using different data collection techniques, and also the difficulties of developing and implementing educational types of interventions in the agricultural arena. In the manufacturing sector, a case described interventions designed to reduce worker exposure to machining fluid, emphasizing the need to consider both technical and nontechnical issues in designing interventions. In health care settings a number of issues were cited. One major concern in this area was the complex and hierarchical nature of the health care workplace. Another difficult issue in this arena was that employee health protection presents a conflict of interest for many who feel that taking time and attention for themselves deprives patients of optimal care. The final industry covered was the construction industry, which was represented by a case study emphasizing the importance of using a participatory approach in developing intervention projects designed to address ergonomic concerns for construction workers. The case study focused on painters' exposures to solvents and then presented a number of specific issues to consider when attempting to conduct intervention research in this industry. A number of common themes running through the various case studies were tied together including the need to use a variety of data collection techniques, focusing on safety climate, noting that a sense of work urgency may influence health and safety behaviors, and the need to use interdisciplinary teams when conducting occupational health and safety intervention research.
NIOSH-Author; Safety-measures; Machinists; Occupational-health; Health-care-personnel; Construction-workers; Agricultural-workers; Animal-husbandry-workers; Occupational-exposure
American Journal of Industrial Medicine