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Plain language about shiftwork.

Authors
Rosa-RR; Colligan-MJ
Source
NIOSH 1997 Jul; :1-44
NIOSHTIC No.
00240354
Abstract
Basic facts about shiftwork and suggestions for making life while on shift work easier were provided. General topics discussed included how to examine work schedules, health and safety effects of shiftwork, improving shiftwork through the organization, and coping strategies for the individual. Important factors to consider included shift length, how many shifts between rest days, how many rest days are on weekends, overtime, rest is taken between shifts, rest is taken during the shift, and whether the work schedule is regular and predictable. Shiftwork has immediate effects on sleep habits; attendant sleep loss makes it far easier to fall asleep at inappropriate times, affecting a worker's ability to perform safely and efficiently. The internal circadian rhythm affects how alert people feel, which in turn affects their ability to perform. Workers performing poorly are more likely to make errors that could result in accidents or injuries. Psychological concerns include missing out on family and social activities. Long term health effects include digestive problems and heart disease. Suggestions were offered to improve shift work schedule design. Coping strategies for the individual included getting enough good sleep, protecting sleep time, getting exercise, using relaxation techniques, maintaining a proper diet, using bright light to change peak alertness periods, and avoiding overuse of caffeine, alcohol or other drugs.
Keywords
NIOSH-Author; Shift-workers; Shift-work; Sleep-disorders; Sleep-deprivation; Task-performance; Work-intervals; Work-performance
Publication Date
19970701
Document Type
Numbered Publication
Fiscal Year
1997
NTIS Accession No.
PB98-125495
NTIS Price
A04
Identifying No.
(NIOSH) 97-145
NIOSH Division
DBBS
Source Name
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
State
OH
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