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Needlestick injuries among female veterinarians: frequency, syringe contents and side-effects.

Authors
Wilkins-JR III; Bowman-ME
Source
Occup Med 1997 Nov; 47(8):451-457
NIOSHTIC No.
00240117
Abstract
The rate of occurrence of needlestick events among female veterinarians was surveyed and the relationship between syringe contents and the nature of any resultant side effects was examined. From the identified target population of 2,997 women graduates of veterinary colleges in the United States, it was possible to contact 2,807 (93.7%). Of these, 2,532 completed the survey, by either mail or phone, for an overall response rate of 90.2%. Of the total responding population, 63.9% reported 2,663 descriptions of needlestick incidents. Substances most often injected included vaccines, antibiotics, anesthetics, and animal blood. Of the 438 sticks resulting in at least one side effect, 337 were classified as mild and localized at the site of injection, with 18 characterized as severe and systemic. One accidental self injection of a prostaglandin compound resulted in a spontaneous abortion. The estimated overall needlestick injury rate for this group of health care professionals was 9.3 sticks per 100 person years of practice, which was similar to the reported rates among health care workers including nurses, laboratory technicians and hospital housekeeping staff. All small animal and mixed practice veterinarians demonstrated the highest rates, with all large animal practitioners demonstrating a rate lower by about 40%.
Keywords
OCMEA4; NIOSH-Publication; NIOSH-Grant; Reproductive-system-disorders; Epidemiology; Occupational-hazards; Veterinary-medicine; Needlestick-injuries; Pharmaceuticals; Reproductive-hazards
Contact
Veterinary Preventive Medicine Ohio State University 1900 Coffey Road Columbus, Ohio 43210
CODEN
OCMEE8
Publication Date
19971101
Document Type
Journal Article
Funding Amount
42535
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
1998
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-R03-OH-02380
Issue of Publication
8
ISSN
0962-7480
Source Name
Occupational Medicine
State
OH
Performing Organization
Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio
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