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Costs of occupational injuries and illnesses in 1992.

Authors
Leigh-JP; Markowitz-S; Fahs-M; Bernstein-J; Mishel-L; Shin-C; Landrigan-P
Source
NIOSH 1993 Jan; :1-97
Link
NIOSHTIC No.
00239448
Abstract
The extent of deaths and injuries occurring among American workers and the cost to the economy were investigated. Estimates were presented of the incidence, prevalence and costs of workplace related injuries, illnesses, and deaths for the entire civilian workforce of the United States in 1992. Roughly 6,500 job related injury deaths occurred, 13.2 million nonfatal injuries, 60,300 job related disease deaths, and 862,200 illnesses in the American workplace in 1992. The total direct and indirect costs associated with these injuries and illnesses were 179.3 billion dollars, or 3% of the Gross Domestic Product. The costs were born by injured workers and their families, by all other workers through lower wages, by firms through lower profits, by consumers through higher prices, and by taxpayers through higher taxes. Workers' compensation covered only slightly more than 30% of all costs. Men were approximately 12 to 13 times more likely than women to suffer a fatal injury, but men were only roughly three times as likely as women to experience a nonfatal injury. Occupations with high mortality rates included lumberjacks, construction laborers, taxi drivers, truck drivers and pilots. Occupations contributing the most to costs included laborers, sanitation workers, warehouse workers, nursing orderlies, and mechanics.
Keywords
NIOSH-Cooperative-Agreement; Training; Health-care-personnel; Mortality-surveys; Accident-rates; Occupational-health; Construction-workers; Logging-workers; Forestry-workers; Transportation-industry; Sex-factors
Contact
Department of Economics, San Jose State University, San Jose, CA 95192-0114
Publication Date
19930101
Document Type
Final Cooperative Agreement Report
Funding Amount
1209316
Funding Type
Cooperative Agreement
Fiscal Year
1993
NTIS Accession No.
PB98-115868
NTIS Price
A06
Identifying No.
Cooperative-Agreement-Number-U60-CCU-902886
Source Name
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
State
AL; CA; NY; UT; DC
Performing Organization
E.R.C., Inc., c/o Snow and Halliday, Salt Lake City, Utah
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