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Alcohol and occupational injuries among older workers.

Authors
Zwerling-C; Sprince-NL; Wallace-RB; Davis-CS; Whitten-PS; Heeringa-SG
Source
Accid Anal and Prev 1996 May; 28(3):371-376
NIOSHTIC No.
00238256
Abstract
The relationship between alcohol use and occupational injury was investigated in an attempt to validate an earlier published model using nationally representative samples of older workers. Information was collected from 7,089 persons between 51 and 61 years old from the Health and Retirement Study who worked for pay during the preceding year; farmers were excluded from the multivariate analyses, leaving 6,857 nonfarmers. Particular attention was given to the association between responses to the CAGE alcoholism screening questions, which is a self report of average daily alcohol consumption, and the occurrence of an occupational injury within the last year. Even after controlling for sex, age, education, occupation, and strenuous job activity, alcoholism, as measured by three or more positive responses to the CAGE questions, was associated with occupational injuries with an odds ratio of 1.68. Moderate drinkers, those reporting one to two drinks per day, had the lowest injury rate. Both teetotalers, and those who had less than one drink a day, as well as those who drank five or more drinks a day had elevated risks of occupational accidents.
Keywords
Age-groups; Traumatic-injuries; Accident-statistics; Alcoholic-beverages; Statistical-analysis; Humans; Occupational-accidents
Contact
Prev Med & Environmental Hlth University of Iowa 100 Oakdale Campus, 124 Amrf Iowa City, IA 52242-5000
CODEN
AAPVB5
Publication Date
19960501
Document Type
Journal Article
Funding Amount
160685
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
1996
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-K01-OH-000150
Issue of Publication
3
ISSN
0001-4575
Priority Area
Investigation of Adverse Effects
Source Name
Accident Analysis and Prevention
State
IA
Performing Organization
University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa
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