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Elevated blood leads in the Iowa construction industry.

Authors
Reynolds-SJ; Clarke-W; Fuortes-L; Sprince-N
Source
Department of Preventive Medicine and Environmental Health, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa 1996 Dec; :1-75
Link
NIOSHTIC No.
00238193
Abstract
The prevalence of elevated blood lead (7439921) concentrations in Iowa construction workers in selected high risk trades including painters, ironworkers, plumbers and pipefitters, laborers, and electrical workers was investigated. Venous blood samples were collected from 432 workers and analyzed for lead. Questionnaires were used to obtain information on demographics, symptoms, occupational history, work practices, personal protective equipment, and training. The geometric mean blood lead concentrations were 5.9 micrograms/deciliter (microg/dl) for painters, 4.4microg/dl for plumbers, 7.6microg/dl for laborers, 5.2microg/dl for ironworkers, and 2.4microg/dl for electricians. Lead levels were also found to be associated with the type of construction projects (especially bridge renovations and home remodeling), work activities, hobbies involving lead, and the age of the worker's residence. The authors recommend that education programs be expanded, that current regulatory requirements be enforced, that specification for lead hazard identification and management programs be included in bid specifications prior to contract awards, that engineering controls be developed, that lead containing products be identified and so labeled, and that the levels of support from the public health department be increased.
Keywords
NIOSH-Grant; Grants-other; Lead-poisoning; Blood-analysis; Risk-factors; Construction-workers; Humans; Occupational-exposure
Contact
Prev Med & Environmental Hlth University of Iowa 100 Oakdale Campus-106 Amrf Iowa City, IA 52240-5000
CAS No.
7439-92-1
Publication Date
19961220
Document Type
Final Grant Report
Funding Amount
162000
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
1997
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-K01-OH-00137
NIOSH Division
OEP
Priority Area
Other Occupational Concerns; Grants-other
Source Name
Department of Preventive Medicine and Environmental Health, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa
State
IA
Performing Organization
University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa
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