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Is bronchial hyperreactivity protective in grain dust induced airway inflammation?

Authors
Jagielo-PJ; Watt-JL; Quinn-TJ; Schwartz-DA
Source
Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa 1996:27 pages
Link
NIOSHTIC No.
00238180
Abstract
Exposure studies were performed on five subjects with bronchial hyperreactivity (BHR) in an effort to better understand the relative importance of BHR in the physiologic and inflammatory responses of the lung following acute inhalation challenge to corn dust extract (CDE). The responses of these five subjects were compared to those from five subjects with normal airway reactivity (NAR). In the first hour following challenge, subjects with BHR complained more frequently of chest tightness and dyspnea. They also developed a significantly greater percent decline in forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) at time points 10, 20, and 30 minutes following exposure to CDE. This exaggerated decline in FEV1 did improve over time, and there were no significant differences in the percent decline at 1, 2, 3, 4, and 24 hours post exposure. In both subject groups, there were increases in bronchoalveolar lavage total cells, neutrophils, tumor necrosis factor alpha, interleukin-6, and interleukin-8 by 4 hours following inhalation of CDE but these were similar between the two groups. The authors conclude that, while the subjects with BHR develop an exaggerated initial decline in FEV1 following CDE exposure, the physiologic and inflammatory response to CDE is similar in subjects with and without BHR.
Keywords
NIOSH-Grant; Pulmonary-system-disorders; Dust-exposure; Grain-dusts; Dust-inhalation; Respiratory-system-disorders; Organic-dusts; Humans; Bronchial-asthma
Contact
Internal Medicine University of Iowa 200 Hawkins Drive Iowa City, IA 52242-1081
Publication Date
19960101
Document Type
Final Grant Report
Funding Amount
162000
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
1996
NTIS Accession No.
PB97-207146
NTIS Price
A03
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-K01-OH-00134
NIOSH Division
OEP
Priority Area
Pulmonary-system-disorders; Respiratory-system-disorders
Source Name
Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa
State
IA
Performing Organization
University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa
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