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Silica, silicosis, and lung cancer in diatomite workers.

Authors
Checkoway-H; Heyer-NJ; Seixas-NS; Welp-EA; Demers-PA; Hughes-JM; Weill-H
Source
Department of Environmental Health, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 1996 Nov; :1-52
Link
NIOSHTIC No.
00238178
Abstract
This project served to update a cohort mortality study of workers exposed to crystalline silica (14808607), primarily as cristobalite (14464461). Exposure occurred during the mining and processing of diatomaceous-earth in two facilities located in California. There were 2,961 workers in the cohort who had at least 12 months of cumulative service at either facility. This update extended an earlier study by 7 years. Mortality was followed up for 1942 through 1994. Chest radiographs were obtained for 2,520 workers. As expected, radiographically determined silicosis was strongly related to cumulative exposure to crystalline silica. Compared to national rates, mortality rates from both nonmalignant respiratory disease and lung cancer were elevated among these workers. A strong dose response association was noted for cumulative exposure to crystalline silica and mortality from nonmalignant respiratory diseases. Lung cancer mortality was also associated with cumulative exposure to crystalline silica, but the association was not as strong as that from nonmalignant respiratory disease. Confounding by either smoking or by occupational asbestos (1332214) exposure was not likely to account for the observed exposure/response relations with nonmalignant respiratory disease and lung cancer mortality.
Keywords
NIOSH-Grant; Pulmonary-system-disorders; Lung-cancer; Mortality-surveys; Risk-factors; Epidemiology; Respiratory-system-disorders; Mining-industry; Silica-dusts
Contact
Environmental Health University of Washington SC-34 Seattle, WA 98195
CAS No.
14808-60-7; 14464-46-1; 1332-21-4
Publication Date
19961122
Document Type
Final Grant Report
Funding Amount
381670
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
1997
NTIS Accession No.
PB97-207120
NTIS Price
A05
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-R01-OH-003126
NIOSH Division
OEP
Source Name
Department of Environmental Health, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington
State
CA; WA
Performing Organization
University of Washington, Seattle, Washington
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