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HHE Report No. HHE-80-245-246-247-1210, Colorado River Gin, Poston, Arizona, Plantation Gin, Poston, Arizona, Parker Valley Gin, Parker, Arizona.

Authors
Pryor-PD; Thoburn-TW; Weis-W
Source
NIOSH 1982 Oct:42 pages
Link
NIOSHTIC No.
00236839
Abstract
In response to a request from the Chairman of the Tribal Council, an evaluation was made of three cotton gins (SIC-0131) on the Colorado River Indian Reservation: the Colorado River Gin and Plantation Gin, Poston, Arizona, and Parker Valley Gin, Parker, Arizona. The potential short term and long term health effects for the approximately 10 to 18 workers at each gin site were of concern. Exposure to cotton dust, pesticide residue laden materials, nuisance dust, and noise were the primary concerns. Most of the airborne levels of cotton dust samples taken at the three gins exceeded the NIOSH recommended criteria of 200 micrograms/cubic meter. Medical evaluation showed both acute and chronic symptoms in a portion of the workers who were evaluated for exposure to cotton dust and or nuisance dust, as well as from exposure to organophosphate pesticides. Effects included eye, skin and respiratory irritation among 54% of the workers, decreases in lung function over the work day in two workers, symptoms of chronic bronchitis in six workers, and reduced pulmonary function in two workers. Statistically significant decreases were also noted in the red cell cholinesterase levels over the season, to a clinically significant degree. Significantly high noise exposures were measured for all of the jobs evaluated; only outside gin operators had exposures below 85 decibels. The authors conclude that health hazards existed at the three sites from exposures to cotton dust, pesticide residue laden materials, and noise. The authors recommend measures to improve worker health.
Keywords
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; HHE-80-245-1210; HHE-80-246-1210; HHE-80-247-1210; Hazard-Confirmed; Region-9; Organo-phosphorus-pesticides; Agricultural-workers; Cotton-dust; Dust-exposure; Airborne-dusts; Plant-dusts; Cotton-harvesting; Noise-exposure;
Publication Date
19821001
Document Type
Hazard Evaluation and Technical Assistance; Field Studies
Fiscal Year
1983
NTIS Accession No.
PB84-172949
NTIS Price
A04
Identifying No.
HHE-80-247-1210
NIOSH Division
DSHEFS;
SIC Code
131;
Source Name
Hazard Evaluations and Technical Assistance Branch, NIOSH, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Cincinnati, Ohio, Report Nos. HHE-80-245-1210, HHE-80-246-1210, and HHE-80-247-1210, 42 pages, 18 references
State
AZ; CO; OH;
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