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Introduction to industrial hygiene engineering and control (552). Section 6 - student manual. Nonionizing and ionizing radiation.

Authors
Byers-BB; Hritz-RJ; McClintock-JC
Source
NIOSH 1978 Nov; :1-187
Link
NIOSHTIC No.
00236831
Abstract
This student manual included information regarding principles of nonionizing radiation and ionizing radiation, control of nonionizing and ionizing radiation, and instrumentation. This modularized course was intended for advanced training of students in the field of industrial hygiene with an emphasis on controlling exposures found in the workplace. The characteristics, sources, application, biological effects, and established threshold limit values for electromagnetic regions of the spectrum were considered, including ultraviolet, infrared, and radio frequency. The areas of microwaves and lasers were also considered. An overview was provided of management and control of nonionizing radiation, with specific attention given to ultraviolet radiation, lasers, and microwave radiation The atom, radioactivity, and the process of radioactive decay were considered. Five types of ionizing radiation were examined, including alpha, beta, gamma, X-rays, and neutron radiation. The basic biological effects of ionizing radiation, applications of ionizing radiation, and the established maximum permissible dose levels for the working environment were presented. The most commonly used radiation detectors were discussed, including ionization chambers, proportional counters, Geiger-Muller counters, scintillation detectors, photographic devices, and solid state and activation devices.
Keywords
NIOSH-Contract; Contract-210-75-0076; Education; Radiation-exposure; Nonionizing-radiation; Ionizing-radiation; Radiation-hazards; Control-technology; Electromagnetic-radiation; Industrial-hygiene
Publication Date
19781101
Document Type
Final Contract Report
Funding Type
Contract
Fiscal Year
1979
NTIS Accession No.
PB85-177616
NTIS Price
A10
Identifying No.
Contract-210-75-0076
NIOSH Division
DTMD
Priority Area
Control-technology
Source Name
Division of Training and Manpower Development, NIOSH, U.S. Department of Health, Education and Welfare, Cincinnati, Ohio, 187 pages, 16 references
State
OH
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