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Noise and Health.

Authors
NIOSH
Source
New York Academy of Medicine, New York, New York 1991:131 pages
Link
NIOSHTIC No.
00235878
Abstract
The chapters in this text discussed the definition and sources of noise; cardiovascular effects of noise; neuroendocrine, immunologic, and gastrointestinal effects of noise; the effects of noise on sleep; the effects of noise on fetal development; susceptibility to noise induced hearing loss and acoustic trauma; effects of noise on the ear and hearing; the effects of noise on learning, cognitive development, and social behavior; community response and attitudes toward noise; noise abatement; and the public education and awareness of the effects of noise. The studies of the cardiovascular effects of noise suggested that exposure to noise is associated with elevations in blood pressure, primarily diastolic blood pressure and that in general this effect does not appear to habituate over time. Studies of the effect of noise on sleep indicated that intermittent noise is more disruptive than continuous noise, but descriptors of the temporal pattern of noise are lacking and the characteristics of intermittent stimuli need to be standardized. The genetic bases underlying individual differences in susceptibility to noise damage have not been adequately studied in humans. Various studies and news events indicating confrontations occurring because of noise intrusions suggested that studies of the relationship between noise and social behavior would be fruitful.
Keywords
Noise-control; Control-technology; Noise-exposure; Industrial-noise; Impact-noise; Hearing-loss; Epidemiology; Noise-induced-hearing-loss; Gastrointestinal-system-disorders; Cardiovascular-system-disorders; Laboratory-animals;
Publication Date
19910101
Document Type
Book or book chapter;
Editors
Fay-TH;
Fiscal Year
1991
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
ISBN No.
0924143010
Priority Area
Control-technology; Hearing Loss
Source Name
New York Academy of Medicine, New York, New York, 131 pages, 398 references
State
NY;
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