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Development of a construction injury predictive model.

Authors
Bentil-KK; Rivara-FM
Source
Department of Building Construction, College of Architecture and Urban Planning, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 1996 Mar; :1-61
Link
NIOSHTIC No.
00235021
Abstract
The purpose of this study was to develop knowledge that can be used in preventing traumatic injuries at commercial construction sites. General contractors operating in the state of Washington and performing commercial types of construction were contacted in order to obtain information on construction site injuries occurring between 1991 and 1993, offering a total of 730 commercial projects. The overall rate of injury was 23 injuries per 10 worker years. Several strong associations were developed on analysis. Renovations tended to have a lower rate of injury than did new construction. The injury rate was strongly related to the balance between the project size and the number of supervisory personnel. Analysis suggests that the rate of injuries increases with the financial size of the project, but decreases as the number of supervisory personnel are increased from absent to moderate levels. The data cast some doubt on the value of financial incentives and disincentives, but this is qualified by a strong association of their use with other features of projects that are relevant to safety. Injuries involving cuts, blows, objects in the eye, and falls were also large contributors to both total injuries and hospitalizations, with falls accounting for a disproportionate number of hospitalizations.
Keywords
NIOSH-Grant; Traumatic-injuries; Accident-analysis; Accident-prevention; Risk-factors; Risk-analysis; Epidemiology; Construction-industry; Construction-workers;
Contact
Sch of Building Construction University of Florida 116 Architecture Hall AL-15 Gainesville, FL 32611
Publication Date
19960331
Document Type
Final Grant Report
Funding Amount
207376
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
1996
NTIS Accession No.
PB97-147110
NTIS Price
A05
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-R01-OH-02743
NIOSH Division
OEP
Source Name
Department of Building Construction, College of Architecture and Urban Planning, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington
State
WA; FL
Performing Organization
University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida
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