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NIOSH alert: preventing carbon monoxide poisoning from small gasoline-powered engines and tools.

Authors
Ehlers-JJ; McCammon-JB; O'Brien-D; Earnest-GS; Mickelsen-RL; Woebkenberg-ML; Flesch-JP; Hawkes-A; McKenzie-L; Leland-E; Stein-E; Leukroth-R; Girman-J
Source
NIOSH 1996 Nov; :1-19
NIOSHTIC No.
00235012
Abstract
Because of the risk of carbon-monoxide (630080) (CO) poisoning, this Alert provides a warning not to use equipment and tools which are powered by gasoline engines inside buildings or spaces which are partially enclosed unless the engine itself can be placed outdoors and away from air intakes. Seven instances of CO poisoning of persons using small gasoline powered engines and tools are briefly described. The early warning signs of CO poisoning (headache, dizziness, and nausea) are nonspecific and may be mistaken for symptoms of other illnesses. CO poisoning causes confusion and weakness which can inhibit a person's ability to escape the hazardous environment. Health effects of CO poisoning, current standards and recommended guidelines, data summarizing CO poisonings, and information supporting the rapid buildup of CO are described and discussed. Recommendations for employers, equipment users, tool rental agencies, and tool manufacturers are presented.
Keywords
Fuels; Hand-tools; Equipment-operators; Toxic-gases; Exhaust-gases; Construction-workers; Occupational-exposure; Agricultural-workers; Protective-measures; Safety-measures; Construction-Search
CAS No.
630-08-0
Publication Date
19961101
Document Type
Numbered Publication
Fiscal Year
1997
NTIS Accession No.
PB97-147078
NTIS Price
A03
Identifying No.
(NIOSH) 96-118
NIOSH Division
DSHEFS; DPSE; EID
Source Name
NIOSH, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Cincinnati, Ohio, DHHS (NIOSH), Publication No. 96-118, 19 pages, 20 references
State
OH
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