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Health hazard evaluation report: HETA-95-0225-2596, Abrasive Blasters, Parma and Akron, Ohio.

Authors
Washko-R; Cocalis-J
Source
NIOSH 1996 Sep; :1-32
NIOSHTIC No.
00234324
Abstract
In response to a request from the Ohio Department of Health, a study was begun of possible silicosis in workers involved in or around abrasive blasting operations. Workers were screened from Parma and Akron, Ohio who were involved in abrasive blasting operations in April of 1995. The participants were recruited from the membership of the International Brotherhood of Painters Union. All of the 170 participants had chest X-rays, and 96 (56%) participated in blood lead (7439921) screening as well. Eight of the 170 participants had chest X-rays consistent with pneumoconiosis. All eight had worked as abrasive blasters. Only one of the eight had previously known that his chest X-ray was consistent with this diagnosis. The blood lead levels ranged from 2 to 30 micrograms/deciliter, with a median of 5 micrograms/deciliter. Results of questionnaires indicated deficiencies in knowledge of the proper use of respirators in that only one third of the workers were fit tested and 18% had facial hair that could interfere with respirator seal. There was also little understanding of the NIOSH recommendations to prevent silicosis. The authors conclude that there is a need for better training and education in silicosis prevention and the use of respiratory protection in abrasive blasting operations.
Keywords
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; NIOSH-Technical-Assistance-Report; HETA-95-0225-2596; Hazard-Confirmed; Region-5; Respiratory-system-disorders; Lung-disease; Chest-X-rays; Respiratory-protective-equipment; Sand-blasting; Author Keywords: Painting and Paper Hanging; Structural Steel Erection; Silica; Crystalline silica; Pneumoconiosis; Silicosis; Respirable Quartz; Sandblasting; Construction; Lead; Abrasive Blasting; Respirator; Steel-Plate Fabrication; Painting Contractor; Abrasive Blasting Contractor
CAS No.
7439-92-1
Publication Date
19960901
Document Type
Hazard Evaluation and Technical Assistance; Field Studies
Fiscal Year
1996
NTIS Accession No.
PB97-136949
NTIS Price
A04
Identifying No.
HETA-95-0225-2596
NIOSH Division
DSHEFS
Priority Area
Respiratory-system-disorders
SIC Code
1721; 1791
Source Name
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
State
OH
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