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Exposure to dust, noise, and pesticides, their determinants, and the use of protective equipment among California farm operators.

Authors
Nieuwenhuijsen-MJ; Schenker-MB; Samuels-SJ; Farrar-JA; Green-SS
Source
Appl Occup Environ Hyg 1996 Oct; 11(10):1217-1225
NIOSHTIC No.
00234114
Abstract
To investigate the hazardous exposures faced by farm and agriculture workers, a study was undertaken of the use of protective equipment by California farm operators and the types of exposures encountered in various types of farming. Telephone interviews regarding farm characteristics, farming practices, and protective equipment use were conducted with 1,947 farm operators in California. Dust, pesticide, and noise exposure levels varied widely between farm types. Field crop farmers reported the highest levels of exposure to noise and dust, while nursery farmers reported the highest levels of exposure to pesticides. Dust and noise exposure were positively correlated to time spent driving a tractor. There was no association found between reported exposures to dust, noise, and pesticides, and the presence of a closed tractor cabin. The use of protective equipment increased in frequency and regularity with increasing exposures to noise and pesticides, but not dust. The authors conclude that exposure risks vary widely across different farming types, and that the use of protective equipment is most closely associated with increased exposures to pesticides and noise.
Keywords
NIOSH-Publication; NIOSH-Cooperative-Agreement; Farmers; Agricultural-workers; Occupational-exposure; Exposure-levels; Dust-exposure; Noise-exposure; Personal-protective-equipment;
CODEN
AOEHE9
Publication Date
19961001
Document Type
Journal Article
Funding Amount
1055222
Funding Type
Cooperative Agreement
Fiscal Year
1997
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Cooperative-Agreement-Number-U07-CCU-906162
Issue of Publication
10
ISSN
1047-322X
Source Name
Applied Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
State
CA
Performing Organization
University of California - Davis
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