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Increased neutrophil adherence to endothelial cells exposed to asbestos.

Authors
Treadwell-MD; Mossman-BT; Barchowsky-A
Source
Toxicol Appl Pharmacol 1996 Jul; 139(1):62-70
NIOSHTIC No.
00233449
Abstract
Porcine aortic endothelial cells in culture were incubated with chrysotile (12001295) or crocidolite (12001284) asbestos in efforts to determine whether relatively low amounts of fibers could directly activate endothelial cells. Concentrations of chrysotile and crocidolite which were noncytolytic caused changes in cell morphology, resulting in activation of endothelial cells to a vacuolated, spindle shaped morphology at sites of fiber deposition. Chrysotile fibers caused a time dependent two to four fold increase in neutrophil (PMN) adherence localized to spindled endothelial cells in close contact with fibers. The PMN adherence was inhibited by monoclonal antibodies against intercellular adhesion molecules (ICAM). A 2.5 fold increase in steady state levels of ICAM-1 mRNA in cells exposed to chrysotile asbestos for 8 hours was demonstrated. Similar changes in cell morphology and increases in PMN binding to endothelial cells were demonstrated on exposure to crocidolite asbestos. The authors conclude that exposure to chrysotile or crocidolite asbestos changes endothelial cell morphology and increases PMN adherence.
Keywords
NIOSH-Publication; NIOSH-Grant; Pulmonary-system-disorders; Cell-cultures; Cell-damage; Cytotoxic-effects; Asbestos-fibers; Antibody-response; Mammalian-cells; In-vitro-studies
Contact
Pharmacology and Toxicology Dartmouth Medical School Remsen 7650 Hanover, NH 03755-3835
CODEN
TXAPA9
CAS No.
12001-29-5; 12001-28-4; 1332-21-4
Publication Date
19960701
Document Type
Journal Article
Funding Amount
76183
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
1996
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-R03-OH-03267
Issue of Publication
1
ISSN
0041-008X
Priority Area
Pulmonary-system-disorders
Source Name
Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
State
NH
Performing Organization
Dartmouth College, Hanover, New Hampshire
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