Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to page options Skip directly to site content

NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search

Search Results

Working group 1. Hearing loss: occupational and non-occupational.

Authors
Clark-WW; Lambert-PR
Source
Combatting Noise in the '90s: A National Strategy for the United States, Symposium Final Report and Recommendations from the Professional Community to the 102nd Congress, American Speech-Language-Hearing Association, Rockville, Maryland 1991 Dec:29-30
Link
NIOSHTIC No.
00232446
Abstract
The extent of hearing loss in the United States (US), its physiological basis, government regulation of noise in the workplace, and recommendations for reducing noise induced hearing loss (NIHL) were discussed. Although one quarter of the US workforce was cited as being occupationally exposed to hazardous noise, environmental sound was seen as affecting the entire population. The causes of noise induced hearing loss were discussed in terms of instantaneous damage by sources such as explosions and firearm discharges, or by insidious exposure to constant or intermittent noise in the range of 80 to 130 decibels-A. The physiological changes leading to hearing loss were described as injury to the cochlea due to damaged hair cells. The current regulatory exposure limits on occupational noise were considered to be appropriately low to prevent hearing loss. The limited enforcement of these limits was seen as a major impediment to reducing NIHL in the US. The most important cause of NIHL among the general population was considered to be generated by firearms during target practice or hunting. The authors recommend that enforcement of existing noise limits be broadened, with a designated government entity responsible to coordinate the noise reduction and hearing preservation effort, reduction of hazardous noise at its source, education of the public, and continued research into the effects of noise.
Keywords
NIOSH-Grant; Noise-induced-hearing-loss; Occupational-exposure; Environmental-exposure; Noise-control; Noise-exposure; Impact-noise; Industrial-noise; Hearing-impairment
Contact
Research Central Inst for the Deaf 818 South Euclid St Louis, MO 63110
Publication Date
19911217
Document Type
Conference/Symposia Proceedings
Funding Amount
1063373
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
1992
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-R01-OH-002128
Source Name
Combatting Noise in the '90s: A National Strategy for the United States, Symposium Final Report and Recommendations from the Professional Community to the 102nd Congress, American Speech-Language-Hearing Association, Rockville, Maryland
State
MD; MO
Performing Organization
Central Institute for the Deaf, Saint Louis, Missouri
TOP