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Work and well-being: where do we go from here?

Murphy-LR; Hurrell-JJ Jr.; Quick-JC
Stress and well-being at work: assessments and interventions for occupational mental health. Quick JC; Murphy LR, Hurrell-JJ Jr., eds. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association, 1992 Jan; :331-347
Issues relevant to assessing occupational stress were discussed. A number of studies have found that high levels of worker control or autonomy are associated with high levels of job satisfaction, involvement, and maturation and low levels of physical complaints. Low levels of worker control have been associated with chronic health complaints and poor mental health. Objective versus subjective strategies for evaluating job stress were considered. Job stressors and stress responses as functions of the stage of career development were discussed. The roles of occupational self selection and drift in occupational stress were considered. Some studies have shown that many people through career choices and job changes select themselves or drift into occupations where they are better able to cope with the demands. Similarly, some workers mature in their work roles, that is, they acquire the skills and coping abilities that allow them to better function in their jobs. New technologies and their impact on occupational stress were considered. Infectious diseases and their role in job stress were discussed. A number of studies have shown that stress can affect immunocompetence. It was noted that fears surrounding occupational transmission of human immunodeficiency virus and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome have added another dimension to the relationship between work stress and infectious diseases. Interventions that can be used to manage occupational stress were discussed. These include redesigning job tasks, making organizational changes, developing and implementing interventions dedicated to managing stress, and developing and implementing employee assistance programs. It was noted that employee assistance programs were originally developed as a tertiary prevention program for problem drinkers, but more recently have been expanded to deal with drug abuse and employee stress. The issue of confidentiality as it relates to employee assistance and other workplace programs was discussed.
Mental-health; Job-stress; Adaptation; Infectious-diseases; Occupational-psychology; Workplace-studies; Coping-behavior; Immune-system; Occupational-health-programs; Worker-health; AIDS-virus; Viral-infections
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Quick-JC; Murphy-LR; Hurrell-JJ Jr.
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Stress and well-being at work: assessments and interventions for occupational mental health