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Dimensions of functional social support and psychological symptoms.

Authors
Schonfeld-IS
Source
Psychol Med 1991 Nov; 21(4):1051-1060
NIOSHTIC No.
00232171
Abstract
The capacity of the Interpersonal Support Evaluation List (ISEL) scales to measure distinct support functions was evaluated. The study subjects included 125 women who completed questionnaires during the summer following graduation from college. The questionnaires gathered data concerning demographic, social support and health information. The demographic section assessed age, marital status, parents' work, educational history, religion, and race. The social support section consisted of the ISEL, and the health section assessed psychophysiological symptoms, depressive symptoms, and self esteem. The findings indicated that the appraisal, tangible, and belonging ISEL scales were moderately correlated with each other. The ISEL scales appeared not to be multidimensional The ISEL self esteem support scale and Rosenberg's self esteem scale appear to measure the same construct. The authors note an absence of clearly separable social support dimensions reflected in the ISEL scales. They stress the importance of controlling for the confounding of the ISEL scales with preexisting depressive symptoms. The authors suggest from their findings that specific functions of support take on greater importance during major life transitions and that any one supportive behavior often serves multiple functions.
Keywords
NIOSH-Publication; NIOSH-Grant; Psychological-disorders; Coping-behavior; Attitude; Emotional-stress; Mental-stress; Psychological-factors
Contact
Social and Psychological Fdns the City College of Cuny Convent Avenue at 138Th St New York, New York 10031
CODEN
PSMDCO
Publication Date
19911101
Document Type
Journal Article
Funding Amount
599479
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
1992
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-R01-OH-02571
Issue of Publication
4
ISSN
0033-2917
Priority Area
Psychologic Disorders; Psychological-disorders
Source Name
Psychological Medicine
State
NY
Performing Organization
City College of New York, New York, New York
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