Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to page options Skip directly to site content

NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search

Search Results

Nonfibrous inorganic dusts.

Authors
Short-S; Petsonk-EL
Source
Occupational and Environmental Respiratory Disease. Harber P, Schenker MB, Balmes JR, eds., St. Louis, MO: Mosby, 1995 Jul; :345-361
Link
NIOSHTIC No.
00229326
Abstract
A review of reported health effects of nonfibrous inorganic dust exposures was presented. Chemical composition, mining techniques and industrial and commercial uses were provided for most compounds. Three classes based on mineralogy were used: silicates, metals, and sedimentary compounds. Silicates and their health effects were described. Respiratory system disorders arising from exposure to various silicates included pneumoconiosis, dyspnea, fibrosis, radiographic chest opacities, and silicosis. Toxicity could also be related to silica contamination and particle size. Metals and their health effects were described. Iron (7439896) was associated with radiographic opacities. Barium (7440393) was associated with various disorders. Antimony (7440360) exposure was most commonly associated with chronic cough. Tin (7440315) was associated with benign pneumoconiosis. Chromite (1308312) was reported to be a carcinogen. Sedimentary compounds were discussed. Various pathologic lung changes were associated with oil-shale. Other health effects from various sedimentary compounds included radiographic opacities, pneumoconiosis, and various lung radiographic changes.
Keywords
Mining-industry; Nonmetallic-minerals; Lung-fibrosis; Inorganic-compounds; Respirable-dust; Dust-exposure; Radiographic-analysis; Lung-disorders; Metal-dusts
CAS No.
7439-89-6; 7440-39-3; 7440-36-0; 7440-31-5; 1308-31-2
Publication Date
19950701
Document Type
Book or book chapter
Editors
Harber-P; Schenker-MB; Balmes-JR
Fiscal Year
1995
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
ISBN No.
9780801677281
NIOSH Division
DRDS
Source Name
Occupational and Environmental Respiratory Disease
State
MO; WV
TOP