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Respiratory cancer and other chronic disease mortality among silicotics in California.

Authors
Goldsmith-DF; Beaumont-JJ; Morrin-LA; Schenker-MB
Source
Am J Ind Med 1995 Oct; 28(4):459-467
NIOSHTIC No.
00229159
Abstract
An epidemiological study was conducted on mortality risks associated with silicosis. Mortality rates were calculated for 590 cases of silicosis identified from a registry of Workers' Compensation Appeals Board Claimants for the period 1945 to 1975. State vital records were used to determine mortality risks to 1991. The well recognized association between silicosis and increased mortality due to tuberculosis and other nonmalignant respiratory diseases was confirmed in this analysis. The standardized mortality ratio (SMR) for tuberculosis was 56.34; the SMR for nonmalignant respiratory disease was 3.80. A significantly increased risk for all causes of death was seen among the cohort, along with increased SMRs cirrhosis of the liver, and for cancers of the trachea, bronchus, and lung. The SMR for cancer of the large intestine was 2.08. Significantly decreased SMRs were seen for cardiovascular diseases, as well as cancers of the prostate and lymphatic system. The authors conclude that patients with silicosis should be educated about these associated disease risks.
Keywords
NIOSH-Publication; NIOSH-Cooperative-Agreement; NIOSH-Grant; Pulmonary-system-disorders; Silica-dusts; Occupational-exposure; Lung-disease; Mortality-rates; Cancer-rates; Gastrointestinal-system-disorders
Contact
Internal Medicine University of California Internal Medicine Davis, CA 95616
CODEN
AJIMD8
Publication Date
19951001
Document Type
Journal Article
Funding Amount
300972
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
1996
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-R01-OH-002726
Issue of Publication
4
ISSN
0271-3586
Priority Area
Pulmonary-system-disorders
Source Name
American Journal of Industrial Medicine
State
CA
Performing Organization
University of California Davis, Davis, California
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