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A low velocity wind tunnel to evaluate inhalability and sampler performance for large dust particles.

Authors
Hinds-WC; Kuo-L
Source
Appl Occup Environ Hyg 1995 Jun; 10(6):549-556
NIOSHTIC No.
00227369
Abstract
A wind tunnel constructed for use in studies examining inhalable particulate mass was described. The tunnel was designed to simulate typical indoor workplace air velocities, to provide uniform and stable concentrations of test aerosols up to 150 micrometers (microm), to accommodate a full torso mannequin, and be low in cost. The tunnel developed was an 11,000 cubic foot/minute open cycle, closed jet wind tunnel with a cross section of 1.6 by 1.6 meters that was capable of producing wind velocities between less than 0.1 to 2 meters/second. Dust generation was achieved by three gear feed, aspirating dust feeders which delivered narrow distribution aluminum-oxide (1344281) dust to a reciprocating dust distribution manifold. Turbulence in the test section was controlled at intensities between 3% and 14% by a wooden lattice. Testing of the tunnel was performed using a full torso mannequin that simulated human breathing and was modified to collect dust entering the nose and mouth. Air velocity in the tunnel was found to be uniform within 10% and dust concentration was uniform to within 15%. Environmental factors such as humidity, temperature, and noise were discussed. The tunnel met the European Economic Community guidelines for testing indoor inhalable particulate mass samplers and had good performance for particles with aerodynamic diameters ranging between 10 and 145microm.
Keywords
Respiratory-system-disorders; Training; Equipment-design; Industrial-engineering; Measurement-equipment; Airborne-particles; Indoor-air-pollution; Simulation-methods; Indoor-environmental-quality
Contact
Inst of Safety & Systems Mgmt Univ of Southern California University Park Los Angeles, CA 90089-0021
CODEN
AOEHE9
CAS No.
1344-28-1
Publication Date
19950601
Document Type
Journal Article
Funding Amount
295903
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
1995
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-R01-OH-003196
Issue of Publication
6
ISSN
1047-322X
Priority Area
Grants Other
Source Name
Applied Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
State
CA
Performing Organization
University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California
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