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Environmental tobacco smoke hazards and benefits of work-site nonsmoking programs.

Authors
Benowitz-NL; Leistikow-B
Source
West J Med 1994 Jun; 160(6):562-563
NIOSHTIC No.
00227243
Abstract
This brief review discussed several aspects of environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) which were of importance to workers. Nonsmokers with exposure to ETS were found to absorb a dose of nicotine (54115) equivalent to actively smoking up to a third of a cigarette per day. When estimated for a career length, a flight attendant working international flights with permitted smoking was found to absorb the equivalent of 1,000 to 2,000 cigarettes over the course of her entire career. Efforts to reduce the adverse effects of occupational exposure to ETS were listed, including smoke free workplaces and smoking cessation services. The health hazards of ETS exposure among children included increased rates of respiratory tract illness, in addition to an increased prevalence of wheezing, middle ear effusions, and airway hyperresponsiveness. Most studies associate an increased risk of lung cancer with exposure to ETS. Studies have also focused on an association between ETS exposure and an increased risk of myocardial infarction in nonsmokers with spouses who smoke. ETS has been associated with a 30% increased risk of coronary heart disease. Substantial reductions in pulmonary function have been reported in adult nonsmokers with exposure to ETS at home, at work, or both.
Keywords
Respiratory-system-disorders; Lung-function; Office-workers; Cigarette-smoking; Tobacco-smoke; Health-hazards; Occupational-exposure; Environmental-exposure
CODEN
WJMDA2
Publication Date
19940601
Document Type
Journal Article
Funding Amount
1055222
Funding Type
Cooperative Agreement
Fiscal Year
1994
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Cooperative-Agreement-Number-U07-CCU-906162
Issue of Publication
6
ISSN
0093-0415
Source Name
Western Journal of Medicine
State
CA
Performing Organization
University of California - Davis
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