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Occupational stress and dysmenorrhea in women working in cotton textile mills.

Authors
Christiani-DC; Niu-T; Xu-X
Source
Int J Occup Environ Health 1995 Jan; 1(1):9-15
NIOSHTIC No.
00226175
Abstract
A study was conducted on the effects of occupational stress on the female reproductive system. Female employees of three cotton mills in China responded to questionnaires about job stress, menstrual and reproductive histories, occupational exposures, personal habits, and indoor coal combustion. A significant correlation was seen between age and reported stress with higher levels of occupational stress reported by older workers. In addition, higher degrees of occupational stress were reported by manufacturing workers compared with administrators, those with heavy work loads, rotating shift workers, workers who worked in standing positions for long periods of time, and those reporting a history of induced abortion. The overall prevalence of dysmenorrhea was 60%, with 74% of those with the highest level of stress reporting this problem. A consistent relationship was seen between occupational stress and the presence of dysmenorrhea. Statistical analysis revealed significant associations between high or moderate stress levels, history of spontaneous abortion, and manufacturing workers and the presence of dysmenorrhea. The authors conclude that female workers who perceive high levels of occupational stress are at risk for dysmenorrhea.
Keywords
NIOSH-Grant; Pulmonary-system-disorders; Job-stress; Reproductive-system; Menstrual-disorders; Reproductive-system-disorders; Gynecological-disorders; Factory-workers; Textile-workers; Cotton-mill-workers
Contact
Environmental Sci & Physiology Harvard School of Public Hlth 665 Huntington Ave Boston, MA 02115
CODEN
IOEHFU
Publication Date
19950101
Document Type
Journal Article
Funding Amount
1348724
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
1995
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-R01-OH-002421
Issue of Publication
1
ISSN
1077-3525
Source Name
International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health
State
MA
Performing Organization
Harvard University
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