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Recent Dust Explosion Experiences in the U.S. Grain Industry.

Authors
Kauffman-CW
Source
Industrial Dust Explosions. Symposium on Industrial Dust Explosions, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, June 10-13, 1986 1987 Oct:243-264
Link
NIOSHTIC No.
00224636
Abstract
The recent history of dust explosions in the US grain industry was reviewed. The need for thoroughly investigating dust explosions was indicated by the occurrence of five explosions in grain elevators in December 1977 which killed 59 persons, injured 48, and destroyed 2.5% of the export grain elevators in the US. These incidents had occurred despite 75 years of dust explosion research conducted by the Bureau of Mines. The studies indicated that five elements were needed for a dust explosion: accumulation of fuel (grain), the presence of an oxidizer and ignition source, availability of a mechanism for mixing the dust with air, and confinement. The history of agricultural dust explosions in the US was discussed. Data on agricultural dust explosions were presented in tabular form. Case summaries of 14 accidents that were investigated by the US National Academy of Sciences were presented. Accident statistics indicated that the frequency of dust explosions and their severity have not been decreased by the knowledge of why such explosions occur and how to prevent them.
Keywords
NIOSH-Grant; Traumatic-injuries; Dust-explosions; Grain-dusts; Accident-analysis; Industrial-safety; Grain-elevators; Accident-statistics; Explosive-hazards; Ignition-sources; Risk-factors;
Contact
Aerospace Engineering University of Michigan Dept of Aerospace Engineering Ann Arbor, Mich 48109
Publication Date
19871001
Document Type
Conference/Symposia Proceedings;
Editors
Cashdollar-KL; Hertzberg-M;
Funding Amount
1287993.00
Funding Type
Grant;
Fiscal Year
1988
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-R01-OH-01122
Priority Area
Traumatic Injuries; Disease and Injury;
Source Name
Industrial Dust Explosions. Symposium on Industrial Dust Explosions, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, June 10-13, 1986
State
PA; MI;
Performing Organization
University of Michigan at Ann Arbor, Ann Arbor, Michigan
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