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Pilot Project to Assess Mortality among Former Chromium Smelter Workers.

Authors
Rosenman-KD
Source
Department of Medicine, College of Human Medicine, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 1993 Sep:69 pages
Link
NIOSHTIC No.
00218236
Abstract
A mortality study of former workers from four chromate production facilities in northern New Jersey was conducted, and the feasibility of identifying and notifying workers from closed facilities without access to personnel records or recent address information was examined. An attempt was made to assemble a cohort of individuals who would be interested in participating in future studies for the early detection of lung cancer. Social Security records were used to identify a cohort of 3,408 former workers from the four facilities. It was possible to trace 83% of the total cohort. Of these, 1,787 workers were deceased. At least 65.4% of the cohort presumed to be alive received notification. Mortality analysis indicated that workers at these facilities remained at an elevated risk for the development of lung cancer more than 20 years after the end of their employment. A cluster of bladder cancer among former black workers was noted at one facility. There were 306 former chromate workers who expressed interest in participating in a lung cancer screening program. Another 41 were interested in receiving more information. The author notes that in spite of the absence of personnel records or recent addresses, it was possible to determine the vital status of over 80% of all former workers and over and 90% of former workers with more than 1 year of work at these facilities.
Keywords
NIOSH-Grant; Epidemiology; Risk-factors; Lung-cancer; Mortality-surveys; Occupational-exposure; Chromium-compounds;
Contact
Occupation & Environ Hlth Ser New Jersey St Dept of Hlth CN 360 Trenton, N J 08625
Publication Date
19930930
Document Type
Final Grant Report;
Funding Amount
129954.00
Funding Type
Grant;
Fiscal Year
1993
NTIS Accession No.
PB94-157922
NTIS Price
A05
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-R01-OH-02298
NIOSH Division
OEP
Source Name
Department of Medicine, College of Human Medicine, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan
State
ME; NJ; MI;
Performing Organization
New Jersey State Dept of Health, Trenton, New Jersey
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