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Organic vapor (OV) respirator cartridge and canister testing against methylene chloride.

Authors
Moyer-ES; Peterson-JA
Source
Appl Occup Environ Hyg 1993 Jun; 8(6):553-563
NIOSHTIC No.
00214815
Abstract
Tests were conducted to determine the breakthrough times for methylene-chloride (75092) using commercially available negative pressure organic vapor cartridge and canister respirators. Challenge concentrations ranging from 50 to 1000 parts per million (ppm) were used in the study. Using a flow rate of 64 liters/minute, the cartridges and canisters were tested as they were received from their manufacturers. Relative humidities of 50% and 80% were used. Cartridge breakthrough times were extremely short when tested at 80% relative humidity for all of the concentrations studied. Chin style canisters contained 2.5 to 3.0 times more sorbent (194.3 grams charcoal) than the cartridge types and still gave a breakthrough time of only 100 minutes when tested at 125ppm and 80% relative humidity. Front mounted/back mounted canisters contained 10.5 to 11 times more sorbent than cartridges and had a breakthrough time of more than 10 hours at a concentration of 125ppm and relative humidity of 80%. However, when the challenge concentration was increased to 1000ppm, the breakthrough time was reduced to 5 hours.
Keywords
NIOSH-Author; Respirators; Chemical-cartridge-respirators; Personal-protective-equipment; Respiratory-protective-equipment; Testing-equipment; Chlorinated-hydrocarbons; Organic-vapors
CODEN
AOEHE9
CAS No.
75-09-2
Publication Date
19930601
Document Type
Journal Article
Fiscal Year
1993
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Issue of Publication
6
ISSN
1047-322X
NIOSH Division
DSR
Priority Area
Respirator Research
Source Name
Applied Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
State
WV
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