This flyer described the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), and its role in preventing work related illnesses and injuries. In 1970 the Occupational Safety and Health Act established the NIOSH as part of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The institute has the responsibility for investigating potentially hazardous working conditions at the request of employers or employees, evaluating workplace hazards, creating and disseminating methods to prevent accidents and illnesses, conducting research and providing scientifically valid recommendations to protect workers, and providing educational and training materials to workers who are preparing for employment in the field of occupational safety and health. The differences between NIOSH and OSHA were discussed. The following areas of active NIOSH research were identified: indoor environmental quality, cumulative trauma disorders, violence against workers, stress, work related infectious disease, disability among farmers and construction workers, and lead (7439921) poisoning.