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Musculoskeletal Disorders.

Authors
Snook-SH; Fine-LJ; Silverstein-BA
Source
Occupational Health, Recognizing and Preventing Work-Related Disease, Second Edition 1988:345-370
Link
NIOSHTIC No.
00214335
Abstract
An overview of work related musculoskeletal disorders commonly involving the back, cervical spine, and upper extremities was presented with a framework for recognizing and preventing these problems. Specifics covered relating to low back pain included the pathophysiology of musculoskeletal disorders; signs and symptoms of injury including lumbar insufficiency, lumbago, and sciatica; diagnosis of injury; high risk jobs; management; prognosis; and control. Discussion of prevention of low back pain included the use of mechanical aids, optimum work level planning, good workplace layout, sit and stand work stations, and appropriate packaging to match object weights with human capabilities. Work related disorders of the neck and upper extremities were described with schematic representation of pathophysiology of these disorders, treatment, and preventive strategy. Control of repetitiveness, forcefulness, awkward posture, vibration, mechanical stress, and cold may reduce risk.
Keywords
Musculoskeletal-system-disorders; Physical-stress; Psychological-stress; Risk-factors; Ergonomics; Case-studies; Back-injuries
Publication Date
19880101
Document Type
Book or book chapter
Editors
Levy-BS; Wegman-DH
Fiscal Year
1988
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
ISBN No.
0316522473
Priority Area
Low Back Disorders; Disease and Injury; Musculoskeletal-system-disorders;
Source Name
Occupational Health, Recognizing and Preventing Work-Related Disease, Second Edition
State
MI
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