U.S. approach for air sampling of workplace contaminants: current basis and future options.
Bierbaum-PJ; Doemeny-LJ; Smith-JP; Abell-MT
Appl Occup Environ Hyg 1993 Apr; 8(4):247-250
The US approach to air sampling in the workplace was discussed. Workplace air sampling consisted of obtaining samples of breathing zone (personal) and general air. In the US, personal air sampling has been emphasized. Reasons for performing workplace air monitoring other than for measuring personal exposures were considered. These included safety issues such as detecting explosive atmospheres, entry into confined spaces, and detecting hazardous gases and vapors that are immediately dangerous to life and health. Air monitoring was also used to evaluate the performance of control and process equipment. Performance criteria for evaluating estimates of worker exposures to workplace air contaminants were reviewed. Other types of air monitoring were summarized. These were primarily concerned with monitoring exposures to biological aerosols, such as those occurring in indoor and office environments, and in the biotechnology industry. Emerging workplace air monitoring technologies were discussed. These included developing new sensors that can continuously monitor air contaminant concentrations or properties related to their concentration and utilizing computerized concentration mapping of workplace contaminants.
NIOSH-Author; Air-monitoring; Breathing-zone; Work-environment; Air-sampling-equipment; Occupational-exposure; Industrial-hygiene; Quality-standards; Industrial-safety
Applied Occupational and Environmental Hygiene