Occupational stress and preemployment measures of depressive symptoms: the case of teachers.
J Soc Behav Pers 1991 Jan; 6(7):95-114
The link between job conditions and depressive symptoms in newly appointed teachers was studied. An alternative design for research on the effects of occupational stressors on the mental and physical health of workers was described. A study was conducted on the effects of adverse working conditions on depressive symptoms in female teachers. Newly appointed teachers were selected for the study. Graduating psychology students and education students who did not enter teaching were used as comparisons. Depressive symptoms were measured through questionnaires administered once preemployment and twice during the teaching year. Stressors, social support, and adversity of the school environment were investigated. Results indicated that it was not likely that highly symptomatic women selected themselves into teaching. A relatively high level of distress in the nonteacher sample may have reflected a high rate of unemployment and the relatively low status jobs held by some. There was a substantial effect of adverse job conditions on depressive symptoms as early as the third month of teachers' careers. A LISREL analysis indicated that the causal path from the school environment to symptoms may be substantially stronger than the causal path from symptoms to environment.
NIOSH-Publication; NIOSH-Grant; Psychological-disorders; Teaching; Job-stress; Mental-stress; Attitude; Coping-behavior
Social and Psychological Fdns the City College of Cuny Convent Avenue at 138Th St New York, New York 10031
Psychologic Disorders; Psychological-disorders
Journal of Social Behavior and Personality
City College of New York, New York, New York