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Occupational stress and preemployment measures of depressive symptoms: the case of teachers.

Authors
Schonfeld-IS; Ruan-D
Source
J Soc Behav Pers 1991 Jan; 6(7):95-114
Link
NIOSHTIC No.
00214029
Abstract
The link between job conditions and depressive symptoms in newly appointed teachers was studied. An alternative design for research on the effects of occupational stressors on the mental and physical health of workers was described. A study was conducted on the effects of adverse working conditions on depressive symptoms in female teachers. Newly appointed teachers were selected for the study. Graduating psychology students and education students who did not enter teaching were used as comparisons. Depressive symptoms were measured through questionnaires administered once preemployment and twice during the teaching year. Stressors, social support, and adversity of the school environment were investigated. Results indicated that it was not likely that highly symptomatic women selected themselves into teaching. A relatively high level of distress in the nonteacher sample may have reflected a high rate of unemployment and the relatively low status jobs held by some. There was a substantial effect of adverse job conditions on depressive symptoms as early as the third month of teachers' careers. A LISREL analysis indicated that the causal path from the school environment to symptoms may be substantially stronger than the causal path from symptoms to environment.
Keywords
NIOSH-Publication; NIOSH-Grant; Psychological-disorders; Teaching; Job-stress; Mental-stress; Attitude; Coping-behavior
Contact
Social and Psychological Fdns the City College of Cuny Convent Avenue at 138Th St New York, New York 10031
CODEN
JSBPE9
Publication Date
19910101
Document Type
Journal Article
Funding Amount
599479
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
1991
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-R01-OH-02571
Issue of Publication
7
ISSN
0886-1641
Priority Area
Psychologic Disorders; Psychological-disorders
Source Name
Journal of Social Behavior and Personality
State
NY
Performing Organization
City College of New York, New York, New York
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