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Biomechanical simulation of lifting.

Authors
Ayoub-MM; Blair-EL; Hsiang-M; Chinnam-B
Source
Designing for Everyone, Proceedings of the Eleventh Congress of the International Ergonomics Association, Paris, 1991. Queinnec Y, Daniellou F, Chapon A, eds., London: Taylor and Francis, 1991 Sep; 1:63-65
Link
NIOSHTIC No.
00213962
Abstract
An approach to simulate human motion while performing a lifting task using an optimization technique was discussed. A lifting experiment was performed in an attempt to apply the model. Five subjects used two sizes of containers and were photographed while lifting the containers from floor to knuckle height and from the floor to shoulder height. Applying the model to the lifting tasks produced a model generated joint motion pattern which was comparable with the actual motion patterns. Based on the results of several applications of the model, the authors conclude that it may be feasible to develop simulation models to predict the path of the motion of body joints in two dimensions while performing a task such as lifting. These simulation models depend on optimization theory and techniques to solve problems about motion patterns required in the performance of a task to minimize a specific cost function or functions subject to a set of constraints.
Keywords
NIOSH-Grant; Musculoskeletal-system-disorders; Biomechanics; Manual-materials-handling; Safety-practices; Back-injuries; Mathematical-models; Manual-lifting
Contact
Industrial Engineering Texas Tech University P O Box 4130 Lubbock, Tex 79409
Publication Date
19910901
Document Type
Conference/Symposia Proceedings
Editors
Queinnec-Y; Daniellou-F; Chapon-A
Funding Amount
398227
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
1991
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
ISBN No.
9780748400454
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-R01-OH-02434
Priority Area
Musculoskeletal-system-disorders
Source Name
Designing for Everyone: Proceedings of the 11th Congress of the International Ergonomics Association
State
TX
Performing Organization
Texas Tech University, Lubbock, Texas
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