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Respiratory health risks among nonmetal miners.

Authors
Short-SR; Petsonk-EL
Source
Occup Med: State of the Art Rev 1993 Jan; 8(1):57-70
Link
NIOSHTIC No.
00213673
Abstract
The risks of occupational respiratory disease in the nonmetal mining industry were reviewed. Topics discussed included associated nonmineral exposures to radon (10043922) and diesel fumes; the mineralogy of various nonmetallic rocks and minerals being extracted worldwide; fibrous silicates; asbestos (1332214) associated problems including benign pleural disorders, asbestosis, lung cancer, and mesothelioma; asbestiform fibrous minerals including wollastonite (13983170), fibrous clays, and zeolites; nonfibrous silicates such as talc (14807966) and kaolin (1332587); sedimentary precipitates including phosphates, potash (584087), trona (497198), fluorspar (14542235), gypsum (13397245), and salt (7647145); and hydrocarbon containing sedimentary rocks including graphite (7782425), oil shale, and gilsonite. Miners had a greatly increased risk of disease and death and were at risk for nonmalignant and malignant respiratory health effects from these exposures. In many cases, there was only limited toxicologic and medical knowledge of the respiratory or other health effects for these various materials.
Keywords
NIOSH-Author; Respiratory-system-disorders; Lung-disease; Mining-industry; Mine-workers; Mineral-dusts; Occupational-exposure; Dust-exposure; Radiation-exposure; Cancer-rates
CODEN
SAOME4
CAS No.
10043-92-2; 1332-21-4; 13983-17-0; 14807-96-6; 1332-58-7; 584-08-7; 497-19-8; 14542-23-5; 13397-24-5; 7647-14-5; 7782-42-5
Publication Date
19930101
Document Type
Journal Article
Editors
Banks-DE
Fiscal Year
1993
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
ISBN No.
9781560531296
Issue of Publication
1
ISSN
0885-114X
NIOSH Division
DRDS
Priority Area
Respiratory-system-disorders
Source Name
Occupational Medicine: State of the Art Reviews. The Mining Industry
State
WV
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