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Clinical aspects of coal workers' pneumoconiosis and silicosis.

Authors
Balaan-MR; Weber-SL; Banks-DE
Source
Occup Med: State of the Art Rev 1993 Jan; 8(1):19-34
Link
NIOSHTIC No.
00213671
Abstract
Clinical aspects of coal workers' pneumoconiosis (CWP) and silicosis, including pathogenesis and pathology, were discussed. Approaches for the evaluation and management of these disorders were offered. Evidence of respiratory difficulties occurring in miners was noted as early as the 1800's. Studies of large populations of coal miners in Britain and the United States have provided much of the current knowledge about the problem. The histopathologic hallmark of CWP was the coal macule. There were no pathognomonic signs or symptoms that identify workers with CWP. Diagnosis relied on appropriate dust exposure settings and durations and the characteristic chest radiograph to distinguish between a worker with simple or complicated CWP. In simple CWP, the pulmonary function may be minimally impaired, if at all. Silicosis referred to a group of fibrotic lung diseases which result from the occupational exposure to silica (14808607). Diagnosis distinguished between classic, complicated, accelerated, and acute silicosis. Silicosis has been associated with several other illnesses including fungal or tubercular infections, connective tissue diseases, and possibly pulmonary malignancy. Proper management of patients with CWP and silicosis was briefly discussed.
Keywords
NIOSH-Publication; NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Cooperative-Agreement; Respiratory-system-disorders; Lung-disease; Pulmonary-function-tests; Dust-inhalation; Underground-miners; Coal-dust; Risk-factors
CODEN
SAOME4
CAS No.
14808-60-7
Publication Date
19930101
Document Type
Journal Article
Editors
Banks-DE
Funding Amount
2937066
Funding Type
Cooperative Agreement
Fiscal Year
1993
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
ISBN No.
9781560531296
Identifying No.
Cooperative-Agreement-Number-U60-CCU-306149
Issue of Publication
1
ISSN
0885-114X
Priority Area
Pulmonary-system-disorders
Source Name
Occupational Medicine: State of the Art Reviews. The Mining Industry
State
DC
Performing Organization
Center to Protect Workers' Rights
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