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The mortality of lead smelter workers: an update.

Authors
Steenland-K; Selevan-S; Landrigan-P
Source
Am J Publ Health 1992 Dec; 82(12):1641-1644
NIOSHTIC No.
00212101
Abstract
A followup study was conducted on the mortality rates of a group of lead (7439921) smelter workers which had been studied from 1977 through 1988. The average airborne lead concentration to which these workers had been exposed was 3.1mg/m3 and the blood levels averaged 56.3 micrograms/100 milliliters in 1976. Arsenic (7440382) exposures in this cohort were relatively low. An excess amount of kidney cancer was identified in the group, particularly at the higher exposure levels. A previously elevated rate of chronic renal disease was lessened somewhat in this followup period. Deaths from accidents and nonmalignant respiratory disease were significantly increased. When comparing the findings based on length of exposure, chronic renal disease was elevated among those with the longest exposure histories. No specific trend was noted for kidney cancer with regard either to duration of exposure or time since first exposure.
Keywords
NIOSH-Author; Smelters; Metal-dusts; Lead-poisoning; Cancer-rates; Kidney-tumors; Kidney-disorders; Occupational-exposure; Respiratory-system-disorders; Mortality-data
CODEN
AJHEAA
CAS No.
7439-92-1; 7440-38-2;
Publication Date
19921201
Document Type
Journal Article
Fiscal Year
1993
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Issue of Publication
12
ISSN
0090-0036
Priority Area
Respiratory-system-disorders
Source Name
American Journal of Public Health
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