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The immunopathogenesis of occupational disease due to reactive chemicals.

Authors
Bernstein-DI
Source
Division of Immunology, University of Cincinnati Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio 1992 Jul; :1-25
Link
NIOSHTIC No.
00211769
Abstract
The role of cellular immune mechanisms in the onset and development of occupational asthma resulting from exposure to reactive chemicals was investigated. An assay was developed to measure histamine releasing factor (HRF) produced in the peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) of workers exposed to diisocyanates after in-vitro coincubation with diisocyanate protein antigens. The PBMCs from workers with confirmed occupational asthma demonstrated higher spontaneous HRF production than did workers with suspected diisocyanate caused occupational asthma. Mean HRF activity produced by PBMC following stimulation with a human serum albumin/diisocyanate conjugate was greatly increased in the group with confirmed asthma from diisocyanate exposure. No serum specific immunoglobulin-E was found in this group of workers. The investigators conclude that the mechanisms which are responsible for the production of HRF are independent of classical mechanisms of immediate hypersensitivity.
Keywords
NIOSH-Grant; Pulmonary-system-disorders; Blood-cells; Bronchial-asthma; Occupational-exposure; Humans; Enzyme-activity; Respiratory-system-disorders; Allergic-reactions
Contact
Internal Medicine University of Cincinnati Med C 231 Bethesda Ave. Cincinnati, Ohio 45267-0563
Publication Date
19920707
Document Type
Final Grant Report
Funding Amount
97200
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
1992
NTIS Accession No.
PB93-159382
NTIS Price
A03
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-K01-OH-00073
NIOSH Division
OEP
Priority Area
Respiratory-system-disorders
Source Name
Division of Immunology, University of Cincinnati Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio
State
OH
Performing Organization
University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio
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