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Contact dermatitis in a plant that produces polyvinyl chloride compound.

Authors
Calvert-GM; Mathias-CG
Source
Am J Contact Dermat 1991 Mar; 2(1):33-37
NIOSHTIC No.
00209443
Abstract
An outbreak of contact dermatitis at a polyvinyl-chloride (PVC) compound production facility was investigated in May 1988. A questionnaire was administered to 53 employees to ascertain whether any incidence of rash had been observed in the preceding 3 year period. All employees with existing rashes had complete dermatological examinations. Prevalence risk ratios were calculated for each of the job titles with high exposure to dusts and powders. Eleven workers who had onset of rash before May 1985 were excluded from the study. Twenty two workers reported a rash after May 1985; 14 had high exposure jobs at the time of rash appearance, four had never worked in a high exposure job, and three developed rashes when working in low exposure jobs. Blender operators were the only single job title with a statistically significant increase in dermatitis risk. Material handlers and utility men did not exhibit statistically significant increases, probably due to the small number of observations. Employees with a history of atopy had a nonsignificant increase of dermatitis risk. Workers in high exposure jobs were at risk for developing dermatitis of the lower legs. Of the workers, 80% noted an improvement of dermatitis when away from work. The authors conclude that there is a high risk of dermatitis in the PVC industry and suggest the use of engineering and personal protection controls.
Keywords
Chemical-industry-workers; Dermatosis; Occupational-exposure; Airborne-dusts; Contact-dermatitis; Plastics-industry; Skin-disorders
CODEN
AJCDFL
Publication Date
19910301
Document Type
Journal Article
Fiscal Year
1991
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Issue of Publication
1
ISSN
1046-199X
NIOSH Division
DSHEFS
Source Name
American Journal of Contact Dermatitis
State
OH
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