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Problems and solutions in manual materials handling: the state of the art.

Authors
Ayoub-MM
Source
Ergonomics 1992 Jul; 35(7-8):713-728
NIOSHTIC No.
00209283
Abstract
Aspects of manual materials handling (MMH) were reviewed. The prevalence of back injuries due to MMH and the economic impact of such injuries was examined. The design of an efficient MMH system was described. The author recommends that the system take into account four components: the worker, the task, the tools and equipment, and the environment. A safe handling system involves designing MMH tasks which are within the capacities of the workers performing them. Methods for the design of such systems were presented. Three design approaches, biomechanical, physiological, and psychological, were described and models of each were evaluated. The advantages and limitations of each approach were discussed, and different weight recommendations were determined using the different approaches. The use of a comprehensive model to determine lifting limits which incorporates all three design approaches was described.
Keywords
Ergonomics; Manual-materials-handling; Manual-lifting; Back-injuries; Injury-prevention; Occupational-accidents; Biomechanics; Author Keywords: Biomechanics; Physiology; Psychophysics; Lifting limits
CODEN
ERGOAX
Publication Date
19920701
Document Type
Journal Article
Funding Amount
398227
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
1992
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-R01-OH-02434
Issue of Publication
7-8
ISSN
0014-0139
Source Name
Ergonomics
State
TX
Performing Organization
Texas Tech University, P O Box 4130, Lubbock, Tx 79409
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