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Evaluation of Epidemiologic Studies Examining the Lung Cancer Mortality of Underground Miners.

Authors
NIOSH
Source
NIOSH 1985 May:82 pages
Link
NIOSHTIC No.
00207674
Abstract
An evaluation was conducted of 15 epidemiological studies which had reported excess lung cancer deaths among underground miners who worked in mines where radon progeny were present. Several studies showed a dose response relationship between progeny exposure and lung cancer mortality. The exposures to arsenic (7440382), diesel exhaust, smoking, chromium (7440473), nickel (7440020), and radiation in the mining environment can affect the risks of lung cancer due to radon progeny exposure. X-Ray surveillance and sputum cytology are ineffective in preventing radon progeny induced lung cancers in individual miners. It is felt that at present it is possible for the United States mining industry to meet a standard lower than the current annual exposure limit of 4 working level months (WLM). Current technology should be able to reach a limit of 1WLM. NIOSH recommends that the standard be accordingly lowered.
Keywords
Mining-industry; Radon-daughters; Cigarette-smoking; Epidemiology; Radiation-exposure; Cancer-rates; Respiratory-system-disorders; Diesel-exhausts; Underground-miners; Risk-factors; Lung-cancer;
CAS No.
7440-38-2; 7440-47-3; 7440-02-0;
Publication Date
19850509
Document Type
Other;
Fiscal Year
1985
NTIS Accession No.
PB92-205947
NTIS Price
A06
NIOSH Division
DSDTT;
Priority Area
Asthma and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease; Disease and Injury; Respiratory-system-disorders;
Source Name
Division of Standards Development and Technology Transfer, NIOSH, Cincinnati, Ohio, 82 pages, 99 references
State
OH;
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