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From Biomechanical Modeling to Biomechanical Simulation of Load Lifting.

Authors
Ayoub-MM
Source
Department of Industrial Engineering, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, Texas 1990 Nov:23 pages
Link
NIOSHTIC No.
00205041
Abstract
According to this keynote address, the objective of biomechanical modeling is to develop a model of the body or segment of the body which can accurately predict the kinematics and kinetics of task performance and hence the risk of injury. These models can be either static or dynamic and can be either two or three dimensional in nature. The models require input and must be provided data such as the results of electromyographic studies, muscle strength studies, and anthropometric measurements. These models also need information on external forces applied to the body, displacement time, internal muscle force vectors, passive tissue data, and other facts to enable the researcher to gather good results from using the models. Few human simulation models exist which are capable of predicting the motion pattern a worker may or should follow in the performance of a task. The simulation models differ from biomechanical models in that they provide information about displacement/time relationships as output, while biomechanical models need displacement/time relationship information as input. These models can be combined to achieve the ultimate goal of developing a model capable of accurately estimating the forces acting on the body and predicting the motion patterns which will minimize such stress on the body.
Keywords
NIOSH-Grant; Musculoskeletal-system-disorders; Work-capability; Physiological-measurements; Biomechanics; Manual-lifting;
Contact
Industrial Engineering Texas Tech University P O Box 4130 Lubbock, Tex 79409
Publication Date
19901115
Document Type
Final Grant Report;
Funding Amount
398227.00
Funding Type
Grant;
Fiscal Year
1991
NTIS Accession No.
PB92-164516
NTIS Price
A03
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-R01-OH-02434
NIOSH Division
OEP
Priority Area
Musculoskeletal-system-disorders; Disease and Injury;
Source Name
Department of Industrial Engineering, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, Texas
State
TX;
Performing Organization
Texas Tech University, Lubbock, Texas
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