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Natural killer cell tumoricidal activity in cigarette smokers and in silicotics.

Authors
Newman-LS; Kreiss-K; Campbell-PA
Source
Clin Immunol Immunopathol 1991 Sep; 60(3):399-411
NIOSHTIC No.
00205015
Abstract
Alterations in natural killer (NK) cell number and function were examined in cigarette smokers and nonsmokers with silicosis, silica dust exposure without silicosis, or no exposure to rock dust. Blood NK cell number, percentage, and tumoricidal activity were measured in 120 hardrock miners, 57 of whom had radiographic evidence of silicosis, and in 33 community referents. There was a significant increase in leukocyte count and lymphocyte count in current smokers compared with former and never smokers; these cell counts were normal in silicotics and in those with silica dust exposure. No significant differences in NK cell number or percentage were found by flow cytometric analysis of smoking or dust exposure groups. NK tumoricidal activity, however, was significantly greater in cigarette smokers compared with former smokers and never smoker referent subjects. Although tumoricidal activity was elevated in silicotics, this was accounted for by the effect of cigarette smoking. The authors conclude that cigarette smoking appears to be associated with elevation of blood NK cell tumoricidal activity on a per cell basis and in the absence of any alteration in the absolute number of NK cells in the blood.
Keywords
NIOSH-Publication; NIOSH-Grant; Pulmonary-system-disorders; Occupational-health; Cigarette-smoking; Cell-function; Immunology; Cell-alteration; Silica-dusts; Dust-exposure; Silicate-miners; Occupational-exposure
Contact
Medicine National Jewish Hosp/res Ctr 3800 East Colfax Avenue Denver, Colo 80206
CODEN
CLIIAT
Publication Date
19910901
Document Type
Journal Article
Funding Amount
98928
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
1991
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-K01-OH-00018
Issue of Publication
3
ISSN
0090-1229
Source Name
Clinical Immunology and Immunopathology
State
CO
Performing Organization
National Jewish Ctr for Immnlgy/resp Med, Denver, Colorado
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