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Upper-extremity musculoskeletal disorders of occupational origin.

Authors
Gerr-F; Letz-R; Landrigan-PJ
Source
Annu Rev Public Health 1991 Jan; 12:543-566
NIOSHTIC No.
00204800
Abstract
A critical review of the scientific evidence relating occupational factors to musculoskeletal disorders of the upper extremities was presented. Topics included: the background of methodological issues; carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS); tendinitis; hand/arm vibration syndrome (HAVS); cumulative trauma disorder; repetition strain injury; occupational cervicobrachial disorders; overuse syndrome; regional musculoskeletal illness; and epidemiological evidence for work relatedness. Well defined disorders included CTS, tendinitis, and HAVS. Poorly defined disorders included repetition strain injury, musculoskeletal discomfort among visual display terminal operators. The authors conclude that these well defined soft tissue disorders of the upper extremities are etiologically related to occupational risk factors such as force, repetition, and vibration; but, they state that poorly understood factors may be involved. Tool and job redesign may be required in many situations to minimize risk.
Keywords
NIOSH-Publication; NIOSH-Grant; Musculoskeletal-system-disorders; Ergonomics; Cumulative-trauma-disorders; Vibration-effects; Epidemiology; Repetitive-work; Occupational-diseases; Carpal-tunnel-syndrome
Contact
Community Medicine Mount Sinai School of Medicine One Gustave L Levy Place New York, NY 10029
CODEN
AREHDT
Publication Date
19910101
Document Type
Journal Article
Funding Amount
161973
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
1991
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-K01-OH-00098
Priority Area
Musculoskeletal-system-disorders
Source Name
Annual Review of Public Health
State
NY
Performing Organization
Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, New York
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