Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to page options Skip directly to site content

NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search

Search Results

Occupational stress and burnout in the nursing profession. A model for prevention.

Authors
McAbee-R
Source
AAOHN J 1991 Dec; 39(12):568-575
NIOSHTIC No.
00204209
Abstract
The role of organizational support and personal coping strategies in reduction or prevention of occupational stress in registered nurses was discussed. It was proposed that occupational stress positively influences burnout and that both are negatively influenced by personal coping strategies and organizational social support. Work overload, lack of control, nonsupportive environments, limited job opportunities, role ambiguity, shiftwork, and machine paced work were cited as contributors to psychological disorders. Occupational stress was described in relation to the scope of the problem and related general studies. In nursing it was associated with intensive care work, repetitive exposure to death, lack of gratification from patients, and fear of error. Outcomes included lowered resistance, personality inventory, and substance abuse. Burnout, an outcome of occupational stress, was defined as physical, mental, and emotional exhaustion and considered in relation to perceived intensity of job related events and professional depression. Various methods of measurement were detailed for both occupational stress and burnout. Personal coping strategies such as a sense of competence, control over job practices, lifestyle management, and humor were listed along with use of a team philosophy, support groups, and job flexibility. Organizational social support involved supportive communication and control autonomy. Both personal coping strategies and organizational social support were described as buffering factors within the presented model.
Keywords
NIOSH-Grant; Training; Job-stress; Nurses; Work-environment; Worker-motivation; Occupational-sociology; Occupational-psychology; Coping-behavior; Psychological-factors
Contact
Environmental Health University of Washington Environmental Health Dept Seattle, Wash 98195
CODEN
AAJOEP
Publication Date
19911201
Document Type
Journal Article
Funding Amount
7294922.00
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
1992
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-T15-OH-07087
Issue of Publication
12
ISSN
0891-0162
Source Name
AAOHN Journal - American Association of Occupational Health Nurses Journal
State
WA
Performing Organization
University of Washington, Seattle, Washington
TOP