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Work coding: beyond SIC and SOC, BOC and DOT.

Authors
Harber-P; Miller-G; Smitherman-J
Source
J Occup Med 1991 Dec; 33(12):1274-1280
NIOSHTIC No.
00203861
Abstract
The structure and function of occupational coding schemes were described and discussed. Coding schemes included Standard Occupational Classification (SOC), Standard Industrial Classification (SIC), Chemical Abstract Service (CAS), International Classification of Diseases (ICD), Bureau of Census (BOC), and Dictionary of Occupational Titles. Coding schemes were compared with the manner in which health professionals implicitly organize their knowledge. The manner in which work related information was encoded naturally was investigated using a collection of empiric phase associations, and analysis of written information contained in the NIOSHTIC abstract database. Several differences were revealed between traditional coding methods and actual knowledge. Traditional coding schemes for occupational health related factors were structured similarly as hierarchical, exclusive, and exhaustive systems. Each was limited to information of one particular type and thus the relationships implicit in the coding scheme were limited. The natural coding schemes used by occupational health professionals did not share these characteristics but were more akin to semantic network data bases. The authors conclude that the currently used schemes perform relatively poorly in comparison and that attention to their basic design is warranted.
Keywords
JOCMA7; NIOSH-Publication; NIOSH-Grant; Occupational-exposure; Occupations; Industrial-exposures; Epidemiology; Information-systems; Occupational-health; Information-processing
Contact
Medicine University of California School of Medicine Los Angeles, Calif 90024
CODEN
JOCMA7
Publication Date
19911201
Document Type
Journal Article
Funding Amount
654363.00
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
1992
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-R01-OH-02005
Issue of Publication
12
ISSN
0096-1736
Source Name
Journal of Occupational Medicine
State
CA
Performing Organization
University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California
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